||The belt and disc sander are widely used in woodworking. The
disc sander is primarily used for rough shaping, as well as, creating outside
curves, while the belt sander is mainly used to sand the wood or material
This sheet contains methods to properly sand wood in order to create
the optimal piece of merchandise that is desired. For other operations,
or more in depth procedures for the operation of these handheld tools,
please contact the supervisor or refer to one of the many texts available.
Controls: The few controls that are utilized
on this equipment, consist of the following:
*Note: There are other controls on various accessories used with the sander,
but for this discussion, the aforementioned materials are all that are
necessary to complete this procedure.
The power supply box
The electrical cord
The on/off switch
Procedures Required for Safe Operation of the Sander:
Sanding is the process used to abrade the piece of wood that
is being worked. The instructions are as follows:
Procedures to Begin Sanding: Now that
you are ready, follow these simple steps to begin the process involved
The switch must be off before the sander is plugged in.
Keep the electrical cord a safe distance from both you and the ssander.
The operating controls must be in proper working condition.
The abrasive paper must not be worn and securely attached to the
Sanders must be kept clean at all times.
When not in use, unplug the electrical cord.
*Note: There are several other operations that can be done using a belt/disc
sander, however, for the purpose of this procedure, only the previously
mentioned operations are needed. For more information about other
procedures, contact your instructor, and/or refer to one of the many references
Place the piece of wood on the sander.
Securely hold your work piece.
Do not apply a great deal of pressure onto the piece of wood.
Finally, let the sander do the work.
|Always sand the stock on the down- side of the rotational
disc to prevent kickbacks. *Note the position of the stock.
It is located on the down-side of the rotational disc, where the arrow
||This is the other side of the belt/disc sander. This
flat belt helps you utilize both fence guards to allow your stock to be
flat against the abrasive paper.
Potential Hazards: Due to the rapid rotation
of the belts, the following potential hazards pose a risk and should thus
Safety Pratices: Due to the potential
hazards involved with the operating of this equipment the following safety
rules must be adhered to:
Contact with the moving abrasive belts
Entanglement (hair, jewelry, clothing, etc...) in the rotating machine
Flying wood pieces
Worn abrasive paper
Verify the machine is properly set-up.
Confirm that all safety equipment is correctly attached to the machine,
Wear the appropriate safety equipment.
Do not wear any dangling objects or clothing.
Remove all the sawdust around the belt/disc sander.
Do not operate if the abrasive paper is loose or torn.
Unplug the electrical cord when changing the belt.
The switch must be off before plugging in the cord.
Keep the cord away form the working area.
Sand only on the down-side surface of the disc-sander.
Sand only on dry wood.
The stock must be positioned against the table at all times.
Guards: belt sander roll end and side guards.
Spence, William P., Griffiths, Duane L., (1981). Woodworking Tools,
Materials. Americcan Technical Publishers, Inc., Alsip, IL.
Feirer, John L. (1988). Cabinetmaking and Millwork. Glencoe/McGraw-Hill.
ITT 252 - Materials Processing
Department of Technology
University of Southern Maine
Prepared by Joey Soucy, 9/25/2001